Exporting Countries for bitumen
What you read in this article...How many carbons are in bitumen?Main exporting countries for bitumen
Iran is the sixth largest producer and exporter of efficien tExporting Countries bitumen in the world in different grades and types. There are countless companies in the Middle East producing bitumen. They use the extracted crude oil to produce bitumen. The Middle East exports its bitumen in all categories in bulk and in container shipments to the world through the port of Jabal Ali. Middle East exports are estimated at 5 million tonnes.
How many carbons are in bitumen?
Bitumen is a dense, highly viscous, oil-derived hydrocarbon that is classified into two main types. The first type is natural bitumen, which is found under oil hills and lakes, and the other type is refined bitumen from crude oil deposition. Bitumen contains 2% oxygen, 11% hydrogen and 87% carbon. As mentioned, this product is a high molecular weight hydrocarbon containing oils, resins and asphaltene. The presence of 5 to 30% asphaltene in bitumen causes the bitumen to harden.
Another factor on which bitumen can be classified is its efficiency.
Performance grade bitumens are identified based on performance testing. The important point is that the efficiency of bitumen at different temperatures is decisive.
Bitumens in this group are the most suitable materials for road construction engineers because the correct use of the right type of bitumen prevents digging, wear or similar problems on roads and road construction.
Penetration grades, as their name implies, are grouped according to the penetration test. In this group, the higher the number obtained, it means that the penetration rate of the laboratory needle is higher and in other words, the bitumen is softer. The lower number also indicates the stiffness of the specimen. In general, soft bitumen is more suitable for cold regions and hard penetration bitumen is more suitable for tropical regions. This type of bitumen is more used for road construction and road construction.
The name of the blown bitumen is based on the type of refining in the refinery. By blowing air into the bitumen, the rubber property of the bitumen increases. The characteristics of oxidized bitumens include flexibility, durability and water resistance. When the oxidation process takes place, the volatility and sensitivity to bitumen temperature decreases. Oxidized bitumen is used for industrial applications such as roof insulation, flooring, pipe coating and paint. It should be noted that there is no good or bad in bitumen and the only important issue is to use the most appropriate type according to the purpose of the project and the type of weather conditions. For more information on bitumen size of molecules, visit our website.
Main exporting countries for bitumen
Because bitumen pits have a physical appearance similar to that of pure petroleum bitumen, they are not easily recognizable. Non-standard bitumens are made using different methods and processes. For example, some of them are produced using the residues from the distillation of furnace oil. Others are made using hydrocarbon wastes from various industries, including acidic hydrocarbon wastes from the refining process of engine oils, known as acid sludge. Using natural bitumen in an unprincipled way is another method of making non-standard bitumen. Since the use of non-standard bitumens has caused a lot of destructive and harmful effects in the bitumen industry and road construction and asphalt of the country, so it is necessary to create methods to identify and detect them. Therefore, it is necessary to perform experiments to identify this type of so-called bitumen from petroleum bitumen. For more information about Main exporting countries for bitumen, visit our site.